CIVILIAN ARMS CONTROL
What is civil weapon?
Civil weapon is a weapon intended for self-defense, hunting, sport and collection purposes by physical persons.
Types of civil weapon:
a) Types of self-defense weapons:
- Short barrel firearm – pistol or revolver (including shotgun);
- Gas (air) weapon – a weapon (pistol or revolver) with stationery restricter in the barrel or cylinder for excluding firing bullet or shot, which is intended for temporary disabling a live object with tear or irritating substances;
- Aerosol gas equipment – equipment, which is intended for temporary disabling a live object with tear or irritating substances and is in compliance with state standards and the norms set by Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Protection of Georgia;
- Ellectric shock equipment – equipment intended for temporary disabling a live object with electric charge and is in line with the norms set by Georgian legislation;
b) Types of sports weapon:
- Sports short barrel firearm;
- Sports long barrel firearm
- Sports pneumatic weapon;
c) Types of hunting weapon:
- Smooth barrel hunting firearm (shotgun);
- Rifling barrel hunting firearm (carabine or rifle)
- Hunting combined firearm (rifled and smooth barrel shotgun);
- Hunting cold and cold throwing weapon
- Hunting pneumatic weapon.
d) Collection weapon
Collection weapon, which has scientific, historical, artistic value and is intended for collection and exhibition;
e) Signalling weapon
Signalling weapon or equipment is for provision of light-sound and smoke signals;
Restriction of civil weapon turnover
It is prohibited to use the following weapons as civil weapons:
- Firearms that have imitated form of other objects;
- Brass knuckle and other similar hitting-clashing (smashing) objects;
- Military material with armour destruction, incendiary, explosive or tracer power;
- Arms and other equipment whose power comes from electricity, radioactive emanation or biological factors;
- Gas (air) weapon, which is loaded with neurological-paralising (palsy), toxic or other strong impact substances;
- Pneumatic weapon, whose technical characteristics are not in compliance with the requirements set by Georgian legislation;
- Equipment used to supress sound of shooting;
- Long barrel automatic firearms;
- Illegally produced firearms or gas (air) weapons;
- Weapon, which is not in compliance with characteristics set by Georgian legislation.
Import, export, re-export and transit of civil weapons and military materials
Import, export, re-export and transit of civil weapons and military material by Legal Antities of Private Law or Individual Entrepreneours is carried out on the basis of permit issued by Ministry of Defense of Georgia.
The following is subject to import, export, re-export and transit permit:
- Civil weapon;
- Main elements of firearms – barrel, cylinder, lock, frame and forestock;
- Ammunition – equipment or object which consists of initiable explosive substance and projectile (projectiles) and is designed to damage and/or destroy object once fired from a weapon;
- Main elements of ammunition – initiable explosive substance, projectile, case, explosive capsule;
- Military equipment – installation for production of primary, as well as secondary parts of firearms and/or weapons;
- Technical documentation;
- Works and services related to weapon manufacturing;
- The permit seeker (except for transit permit seeker) must have respective activity license.
The above mentioned permit is not required for aerosol equipment and pneumatic weapons, as well as signaling weapon (equipment), allowed for civilian purposes by Georgian legislation.
Stages for issuing import, export, re-export and transit permit:
Permits are issued on the basis of the recommendation which is obtained through an application of the permit seeker addressed to Standing Military-Technical Issues Commission of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia, whose authority, regulations and procedures for making recommendation by the Commission is defined by the charter of the Commission (Decree of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia #65 dd 29.08.2014 “On Approval of Charter of the Standing Military-Technical Issues Commission of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia”.
Documents to be presented for obtaining recommendation
An applicant must submit the following to the Commission in order to receive the recommendation:
The application should be in written form, in state language and must contain the following:
a) Name of the Commission;
b) Name or title of the applicant, private or ID number and address;
d) Name and volume/quantity of good;
e) Signiture of the applicant;
f) List of the documents enclosed with the application.
- Agreement or Memorandum of Intentions;
- End User Certificate in case of export or transit.
Submission of copies of the documents is acceptable.
The Commission/Secretary of Commission is authorized to request applicant additional document or information required for making a decision/recommendation.
Permit seeker applies to the permit issuer – Ministry of Defense – once the recommendation is made.
Documents to be submitted for obtaining permit
A permit seeker shall submit to the permit issuer the following documents in order to obtain the permit:
- License for respective activity;
- Public register extracts for Private Person of Legal Law and Individual Entrepreneour;
- Original of the Agreement or Memorandum of Intentions or copy of the Agreement or Memorandum of Intentions certified in line with the Georgian legislation;
- Certificate of Origin of goods issued by an authorized body (except in the cases defined by Standing Military-Technical Issues Commission of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia)
- Export, import or re-export permit issued by the authorized body of respective country;
- End User Certificate issued by the authorized body of the importing country (excluding cases when permit seeker is requesting import permit);
- Recommendation issued by Standing Military-Technical Issues Commission of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia;
- A document (bank receipt) confirming payment of permit fee.
Permit fee shall be paid on the basis of the cost of the deal:
a) From GEL 500 to GEL 10 mln – 0.5%;
b) From GEL 10 mln and up – 0.1% but no more than GEL 120,000.
The payment is made at any bank to the following bank account:
Treasury code of the Ministry of Defense - 302 006 500